Radioactive iodine therapy for thyroid cancer & hyperthyroidism

Radioactive iodine therapy

What is Radioactive Iodine Therapy?

Radioiodine therapy, also known as RAI therapy, is a type of nuclear medicine treatment that utilizes radioactive iodine (I-131) to treat two main thyroid conditions:
Hyperthyroidism: An overactive thyroid gland producing excess hormones.
Thyroid Cancer: Certain types of thyroid cancer, particularly differentiated thyroid cancers like papillary and follicular carcinomas.

Applications of RAI Therapy:

SPECT/CT scans are utilized across various medical specialties and clinical scenarios, including:

Radioactive Iodine Cost

131 I – 15 mci Low dose iodine Therapy15,000.00
131 I – 30 mci High Dose Therapy45,000.00
131 I- 50 to 60 mci high dose iodine therapy65,000.00
131 I – 80 -100 mci High dose therapy75,000.00
131 I – 150 mci high dose therapy85,000.00
131 I – 200 mci high dose therapy95,000.00

What to expect during RADIO-IODINE therapy

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Radioactive iodine therapy

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Radioactive iodine therapy

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Radioactive iodine therapy

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Meet Our Doctors

Dr Kiran Kumar JK

Dr Kiran Kumar JK

Founder and Director MBBS, MD(PGIMER)
Dr Manoj Devanathan

Dr Manoj Devanathan

Medical Director MBBS, MD(JIPMER)
Dr Abhiram GA

Dr Abhiram GA


Frequently asked questions

What is Radioactive Iodine Therapy (RAI)?

Radioactive Iodine Therapy is a treatment approach used primarily for thyroid conditions, particularly thyroid cancer and hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid). It involves the administration of a radioactive form of iodine, usually iodine-131, which is selectively taken up by thyroid cells. The radiation emitted by the iodine destroys the abnormal thyroid tissue, such as cancer cells or overactive thyroid cells.

How does Radioactive Iodine Therapy work?

The thyroid gland requires iodine to produce thyroid hormones. Radioactive iodine, given orally in the form of a capsule or liquid, is absorbed by the thyroid cells. The radiation emitted by the iodine damages the DNA of the thyroid cells, leading to their destruction. This targeted approach helps to eliminate abnormal thyroid tissue while minimizing damage to surrounding healthy tissue.

What conditions can be treated with Radioactive Iodine Therapy?

Radioactive Iodine Therapy is primarily used in the treatment of thyroid cancer, particularly differentiated thyroid cancer (papillary and follicular types). It is also employed in the management of hyperthyroidism caused by conditions such as Graves’ disease and toxic nodular goiter, where the thyroid gland produces an excess of thyroid hormones.

Is Radioactive Iodine Therapy safe?

Radioactive Iodine Therapy is generally considered safe when administered by experienced healthcare professionals in appropriate clinical settings. The radiation exposure to other parts of the body is minimal because the radioactive iodine is primarily absorbed by the thyroid gland. However, there are potential side effects and risks, including temporary worsening of hyperthyroid symptoms, damage to salivary glands, and a small risk of long-term side effects such as radiation-induced cancer.

What should I expect during Radioactive Iodine Therapy?

Before undergoing Radioactive Iodine Therapy, patients may need to prepare by following specific dietary restrictions and temporarily discontinuing certain medications that could interfere with the uptake of radioactive iodine. During the therapy, patients typically receive a dose of radioactive iodine orally and are then monitored for a period to ensure proper absorption and distribution of the radioactive substance. Depending on the dose and specific circumstances, patients may need to take precautions to minimize radiation exposure to others.

How effective is Radioactive Iodine Therapy?

The effectiveness of Radioactive Iodine Therapy depends on various factors, including the type and stage of the thyroid condition being treated, the dose of radioactive iodine administered, and individual patient characteristics. In many cases, Radioactive Iodine Therapy is highly effective in reducing or eliminating abnormal thyroid tissue, such as cancerous cells or overactive thyroid nodules. However, additional treatments or follow-up may be necessary in some cases to achieve optimal outcomes.

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